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如何做好水泥纤维板外墙阴阳角的细部处理

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How to Detail a Perfectly Seamless Fiber Cement–Clad Corner

如何制作无缝纤维水泥包角?

Creating a seamless corner detail isn’t as difficult as you think.

创建一个无缝的角落细节并不像你想的那么困难。



Fiber cement cladding is not as difficult to detail as you think. Architects use it successfully for a wide variety of applications because it’s cheaper than other cladding materials, can be fabricated to look like a variety of raw materials (such as wood or concrete) and can envelop your most basic multifamily unit complex, a pastiche piece of residential design or a monolithic otherworldly structure. It’s all about versatility in shape, texture, color and manipulation.
纤维水泥覆层并不像你想的那样难以详述。架构师用它成功地为各种应用程序,因为它是更便宜比其他包覆材料,可以制作像各种原材料(如木材或混凝土)和信封你最基本的多户单元复杂,一块模仿的住宅设计或整体式的结构。这一切都是关于形状、纹理、颜色和操作的多功能性。
That said, one challenge that has long plagued architects and contractors alike is the art of creating a seamless corner on a fiber cement–clad building. Big-box architecture and smaller-scale residential constructions often call for perfectly flush corner details that can be effortlessly installed.
也就是说,长期以来困扰建筑师和承包商的一个挑战是在纤维水泥覆盖的建筑上创造无缝角落的艺术。大型建筑和小型住宅建筑通常要求完美的平顺角落的细节,可以毫不费力地安装。
The idea is to make sure the sheets of fiber cement don’t “end” or break at the point the building’s shape changes or abut a secondary vertical element at the corner. In the ideal scenario, there should be no tacky protruding product such as steel or vinyl attached to the corner, protecting it from the elements.
这个想法是为了确保纤维水泥片不会在建筑形状改变的地方或在拐角处靠近二级垂直元素的地方“结束”或断裂。在理想的情况下,不应该有俗气的突出产品,如钢或乙烯贴在角落,以保护它从元素。


There are several companies whose refined cladding techniques help achieve this look. James Hardie Building Products, a fiber cement paneling manufacturer and inventor of the Hardie board, offers details on how to produce mitered corners: joints made from two pieces of beveled material that create a neat 90-degree angle.
有几家公司的精致的包层技术帮助实现了这种外观。纤维水泥镶板制造商、哈迪板的发明者詹姆斯·哈迪建筑产品公司(James Hardie Building Products)提供了如何生产斜接角的细节:由两块斜面材料制成的接缝,形成一个工整的90度角。


To detail a mitered outside corner using James Hardie’s Artisan® Lap Siding, a robust interior corner must first be constructed. Behind the fiber cement sheeting should be a breathable waterproof membrane followed by exterior sheathing and then an air gap with small wooden spacers screwed into the corner. Depending on the outline of the project and the size of fiber cement planks used, the tougher the interior corner structure will need to be.
为了使用James Hardie的Artisan®Lap sideding设计来细化斜接外角,必须首先建造一个坚固的内部角。在纤维水泥板的后面应该是透气防水膜,然后是外护层,然后是一个带小木垫片的气隙拧入墙角。根据项目的轮廓和使用的纤维水泥板的大小,内部角落结构将需要更坚固。


This concept is brilliant when it comes to creating a continuous horizontal “wrap” around a building, emphasized from a distance with the use of shadow gaps. Because fiber cement is considered more durable and long-lasting than wood, which might rot or fade, this is the ideal application for creating the appearance of an uninterrupted pattern on an external façade.
当涉及到创造一个连续的水平“包裹”建筑时,这个概念是非常聪明的,通过使用阴影间隙从远处强调。由于纤维水泥被认为比木材更耐用、更持久,木材可能会腐烂或褪色,这是在外部façade上创建不间断图案外观的理想应用。


Nichiha, a Georgia-based fiber cement company, also offers mitered corners with a 3.5-inch return in their product line. This feature is available in the same finishes as all of their horizontal architectural wall panels; we’re talking fiber cement made to look like brick, wood or even sandstone, all with a virtually seamless corner detail.
总部位于乔治亚州的纤维水泥公司日哈(Nichiha)也在其产品线中提供3.5英寸的斜接角。这一功能可在相同的饰面作为所有的水平建筑墙板;我们说的是纤维水泥,它看起来像砖、木头甚至是砂岩,所有的角落细节几乎都是无缝的。


They also offer a specialty corner product called NichiTrim, which can be used in a single or double corner trim method. It has classic residential appeal, but it doesn’t get you the look of a consistent façade using a single material.
他们还提供了一种特殊的角落产品称为NichiTrim,可以用于单或双角修剪方法。它具有经典的住宅吸引力,但使用单一的材料,它不会让你获得一致的façade外观。


EQUITONE, a major fiber cement brand that is popular with big-name architects, features a continuous, vertical cavity closer within its ventilated, façade rainscreen system. This invisible structural insert stabilizes the panels from wind pressure with extra support.
EQUITONE是一个主要的纤维水泥品牌,深受知名建筑师的欢迎,它在其通风的façade雨幕系统中设有一个连续的垂直空腔。这种无形的结构插入物通过额外的支持来稳定面板的风压。


No matter the size or length of fiber cement planks or panels on a project, this versatile and weatherproof material is a strong substitute for other types of cladding products. While it is cheaper than metal, concrete and stone, it can look high-quality and expensive with well-considered, seamless corner detailing.
无论项目中纤维水泥板或面板的尺寸或长度如何,这种多用途且耐风雨的材料都是其他类型覆层产品的有力替代品。虽然它比金属、混凝土和石头便宜,但它可以看起来高质量和昂贵的精心考虑,无缝的角落细节。

补充阅读:
轻钢笔记《高密度纤维水泥板幕墙案例汇总》
高密度纤维水泥通体板幕墙构造做法1
高密度纤维水泥通体板幕墙构造做法2
高密度纤维水泥通体板幕墙构造做法3




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