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模块化建筑-英标/欧标技术综述

Modular construction

模块化建筑


‘Modular construction’ is a term used to describe the use of factory-produced pre-engineered building units that are delivered to site and assembled as large volumetric components or as substantial elements of a building. The modular units may form complete rooms, parts of rooms, or separate highly serviced units such as toilets or lifts. The collection of discrete modular units usually forms a self-supporting structure in its own right or, for tall buildings, may rely on an independent structural framework.

“模块化建筑”是一个术语,用于描述使用工厂生产的预制建筑单元,这些单元被交付到现场,并作为大体积组件或建筑的实质性元素进行组装。模块化单元可以组成完整的房间,房间的一部分,或独立的高服务单元,如厕所或电梯。离散的模块单元的集合通常形成一个独立的支撑结构,或者,对于高层建筑,可以依赖一个独立的结构框架。


Modular hospital building during installation of open sided modules
(Image courtesy of Yorkon)


The main sectors of application of modular construction are:

模块化构建应用的主要领域有:


  • Private housing私人房屋

  • Social housing公共房屋

  • Apartments and mixed use buildings公寓和混合用途建筑

  • Educational sector and student residences教育部门和学生宿舍

  • Key worker accommodation and sheltered housing主要工作人员住宿和庇护住房

  • Public sector buildings, such as prisons and MoD buildings公共部门建筑,如监狱和国防部大楼

  • Health sector buildings卫生部门的建筑

  • Hotels酒店


Thousands of modules are manufactured annually in the UK. The largest markets for modular construction are in student residences, military accommodation and hotels, but the health sector is significant as it requires highly complex services and medical installations that can be commissioned and tested off-site.

英国每年生产数千个模块。模块化建筑的最大市场是在学生宿舍、军事宿舍和酒店,但卫生部门的重要性很大,因为它需要高度复杂的服务和医疗设施,可以在场外委托和测试。


Contents

目录


  • 1 Attributes of modular construction模块建筑的特性

  • 2 Types of modules模块分类

    • 2.1 4-sided modules4边模块

    • 2.2 Partially open-sided modules半开放模块

    • 2.3 Open sided (corner-supported) modules角柱支撑模块

    • 2.4 Mixed modules and floor cassettes混合模块

    • 2.5 Modules supported by a primary structure带主结构的模块

    • 2.6 Other types of modules其它

    • 2.6.1 Stair module楼梯模块

    • 2.6.2 Non load bearing modules非承重模块

    • 2.6.3 Balconies and atria阳台和门廊

  • 3 Key technical issues关键技术问题

    • 3.1 Dimensional planning平面布局

    • 3.2 Stability and structural integrity稳定性和结构完整性

    • 3.3 Service interfaces水电接驳

    • 3.4 Acoustic performance隔声性能

    • 3.5 Fire safety防火性能

  • 4 Sustainability可持续性

  • 5 Procurement采购

    • 5.1 Decision-making process决策程序

    • 5.2 Procurement process采购流程

  • 6 Typical details典型的节点详图

    • 6.1 Connections连接

    • 6.2 Facades and interfaces外立面和连接节点

    • 6.2.1 Foundation interfaces基础连接

    • 6.2.2 Wall cladding interfaces外围护包覆层连接

    • 6.2.3 Roofing interfaces屋面连接

  • 7 References参考文献

  • 8 Resources其它资源



Modular units used in multi storey social housing project in London
(Image courtesy of Yorkon)


本文来自网络,不代表钢构人的立场,转载请注明出处。搜索工程类文章,就用钢构人网站。 https://www.ganggouren.com/2020/09/ba48d151c3/
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