首页 朱明之关于建筑-公众号 轻钢笔记《ALC承重墙建筑设计》


Section 4: Architectural Design

4.1 Design Flexibility and Compatibility 设计灵活性和兼容性

4.2 Moisture Protection 防潮

4.3 Surface Treatments 表面处理

4.4 Exterior Surface Treatments外立面

4.5 Interior Surface Treatments 内墙面

4.6 Coating Manufacturers涂料制造商

4.1 Design Flexibility and Compatibility

Depending on the structure, there are fundamentally different considerations to a well designed building. The three most critical design objectives are: aesthetics, functionality and sustainability. Each of these design objectives is significant, yet a truly successful project is one where project goals are identified early on and where the interdependencies of all building systems are coordinated concurrently.


When an Architect uses Hebel Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC), a choice is made to use one of the most versatile, user friendly and environmentally responsible materials.


Design flexibility and compatibility with other building systems is easily achieved with Hebel AAC. The introduction of Hebel AAC should ideally occur during the early phases of a project to capitalize on the many product benefits. This early introduction also proves to be more economical for the Owner and Architect.

设计的灵活性和与其他建筑系统的兼容性很容易实现与Hebel AAC。Hebel AAC的引入应该理想地出现在项目的早期阶段,以利用许多产品的优点。这种早期的引入也被证明对业主和建筑师更经济。

Hebel AAC provides a multitude of design options and flexibility. While Hebel AAC can be a major component of the superstructure, it is also compatible with other building systems and materials such as brick, concrete, fiberglass, glass, light gage metal and wood. Creative designs can be achieved with Hebel AAC alone, or by combining these materials without loss of functionality.

Hebel AAC提供了大量的设计选项和灵活性。虽然Hebel AAC可以作为上层建筑的主要组成部分,但它也可以与其他建筑系统和材料兼容,如砖、混凝土、玻璃纤维、玻璃、轻量金属和木材。创意设计可以单独使用Hebel AAC实现,或者通过结合这些材料而不丧失功能。

Figure 4.1: Condominiums built of AAC图4.1:AAC建造的公寓

Figure 4.2: AAC building

Figure 4.3: Window trimmed

4.2 Moisture Protection防潮

Moisture protection is a primary consideration in building design and construction. The objective is to eliminate water from causing damage to the building or causing an unhealthy environment. While water does not harm the structure of Hebel AAC, it can result in short-term disadvantages such as increased thermal conductivity, which causes lower thermal insulation performance.

防潮是建筑设计和施工的首要考虑因素。其目的是消除水对建筑物的破坏或造成不健康的环境。虽然水不会对Hebel AAC的结构造成伤害,但是在短期内会造成一些不利的影响,例如导热系数的增加,从而导致保温性能下降。

When addressing moisture protection, the properties of the building materials are the first consideration. Hebel AAC’s material properties together with protection of the material by a suitable finish do not allow moisture to absorb deep into the material. This is due to the closed pore structure of Hebel AAC. The capillary action breaks down quickly and moisture cannot continue “pulling” very deep into the material. 

在解决防潮问题时,建筑材料的性能是首要考虑的因素。Hebel AAC的材料特性以及适当的表面处理对材料的保护不允许水分深入到材料中。这是由于Hebel AAC的封闭孔隙结构。毛细作用迅速分解,水分不能继续“拉”入材料的深处。

Figure 4.5: A closer look at AAC

Only the surface directly in contact with AAC with the water is affected, allowing installation and finishing to be applied to Hebel AAC walls at various phases of construction. Interior walls and components of the building may be completed at a convenient schedule without concern of water damage.

只有直接与AAC和水接触的表面受到影响,允许在不同的施工阶段对Hebel AAC墙进行安装和修整。建筑的内墙和构件可以在方便的时间内完成,而无需担心水的损坏。

Figure 4.4: Autoclaves where AAC is pressurized and cured

During the manufacturing process, Hebel AAC is cured in an autoclave. At this time, AAC is under significant pressure and saturated with steam and moisture. By the end of the autoclaving process, the AAC contains approximately 30% (by weight) water, which dissipates naturally over time to stabilize at a moisture content of 4% to 8%.The initial drying-out process includes two different rates of water dissipation.

在制造过程中,Hebel AAC在高压釜中固化。此时,AAC处于明显的压力下,并被蒸汽和湿气饱和。在蒸压过程结束时,AAC含有大约30%(按重量计算)的水,随着时间的推移,水分自然消散,稳定在4%到8%的水分含量。初始干化过程包括两种不同的耗水速率。

First, as the internal moisture content of AAC exceeds 18%, it experiences rapid diffusion. Vapor permeable coatings on wall surfaces and interior roof panels do not hinder this diffusion process in most situations. Although, depending on the time of construction, moisture levels can be at or below 18% by the time the building is “dried-in”. With expedited construction schedules, dehumidifiers may aid in the initial phase of drying. Vapor barriers should not cover AAC at this stage due to this natural process of water diffusion. After the internal moisture content of the AAC material falls below 18%, the rate of diffusion is reduced. Generally, the rate of drying is low enough that additional moisture and humidity entering the building can be effectively removed by the HVAC system. The moisture from the AAC is minor and unnoticeable to occupants.


High moisture levels are common in building materials during the first few months after construction. Moisture protection is achieved by proper design, detailing and construction practices. To expedite equilibrium of moisture content in AAC, follow these design and construction measures:


1) Coatings: Specify and use coatings which repel water, yet allow the AAC to breathe on both interior and exterior walls. These coatings should allow vapor penetration, but not moisture penetration.


If a waterproof coating which restricts vapor flow through the exterior surface of a wall is applied to AAC, such as a basement wall, moisture within the AAC can only be diffused toward the interior of the building, increasing the time necessary to achieve equilibrium moisture content in the wall. Do not to seal both the interior and exterior surfaces of walls with any type of vapor barrier such as damp proofing on the exterior surface and vinyl wallpaper on the interior surface.


If two impermeable systems are used, internal moisture becomes trapped.


2) HVAC System: Design of proper air handling systems is critical to building efficiency and occupant health. Air handling equipment should be designed at the proper size for the building needs, using maximum building loads.


Figure 4.6: Thermal efficiency

3) Building Envelope: When a structure incorporates both Hebel AAC Wall and Floor/Roof panels together, (with special attention focused on common thermal leaks, such as doors, windows, and other openings) the result can be the highest performance attainable for an air tight building envelope. This adds to the overall thermal efficiency and can positively influence a buildings energy rating. While the moisture content of Hebel AAC decreases during construction, if construction schedules require quick occupancy, dehumidifiers may be desirable during the first year of occupancy. These temporary dehumidifiers would take care of the excess moisture being emitted from the walls and roof systems. In instances where the humidity levels inside a building are high and the temperatures drop below the dew point, condensation will form – regardless of the building materials. As long as the humidity and temperature are properly controlled, the dew point temperature should never be realized. Normal building operating conditions are 75o F and 60% relative humidity. 75o F is well above the dew point temperature of 60o F for 60% relative humidity and condensation formation should not occur. All buildings must be protected from the influence of external moisture sources.

建筑围护结构:当一种结构将Hebel AAC墙体和地板/屋顶板结合在一起时(特别注意常见的热泄漏,如门、窗和其他开口),其结果可以达到气密建筑围护结构的最高性能。这增加了总热效率,可以积极地影响建筑物的能源评级。虽然在施工过程中Hebel AAC的水分含量会降低,但如果施工进度要求快速占用,则在第一年占用期间可能需要使用除湿器。这些临时除湿器将处理从墙壁和屋顶系统排出的多余水分。当建筑物内的湿度很高,而温度又低于露点时,不论使用什么建筑材料,都会发生冷凝现象。只要湿度和温度控制得当,就永远不可能实现露点温度。正常的建筑运行条件是75o F和60%的相对湿度。对于60%的相对湿度,75o F远高于60o F的露点温度,不应发生凝露。所有的建筑物都必须受到保护,以免受到外部潮湿源的影响。

Moisture protection with Hebel AAC is obtained without additional treatments, allowing construction details to focus on simplicity and aesthetics. AAC exterior walls can be finished with water-protecting brick façades or stucco,paints or bituminous coatings and with proper flashing and architectural details. Depending on the desired aesthetics of the building, an exterior wall coating can be chosen from a wide selection of options and will provide the desired moisture protection.

Hebel AAC的防潮功能无需额外处理即可获得,使得施工细节更注重简单和美观。AAC外墙可采用防水砖外立面或灰泥、油漆或沥青涂料,并具有适当的闪烁和建筑细节。根据建筑的美学要求,外墙涂料可以从多种选择中选择,并提供所需的防潮功能。

4.3 Surface Treatments

Due to Hebel AAC compatibility, various surface treatments are available for exterior and interior applications. Colors and textures can be applied to enhance aesthetic or match existing buildings. Exterior surface treatments include coatings of textured surfaces or smooth, in various colors and designs, paint and a variety of façade options. Interior wall treatments are much the same yet include; gypsum board, wallpaper,tile or paneling.

由于Hebel AAC的兼容性,各种表面处理可用于外部和内部应用。颜色和纹理可以用来增强美感或匹配现有的建筑。外部表面处理包括各种颜色和设计的纹理表面或光滑的涂层,油漆和各种各样的立面选择。内墙的处理大致相同,但包括;石膏板、壁纸、瓷砖或镶板。

With consideration, limitless design variations can be incorporated, including exposed joint or unique coating techniques. Coatings manufactured for AAC are designed to be physically compatible with Hebel AAC products.

经过考虑,无限的设计变化可以纳入,包括裸露的接缝或独特的涂层技术。为AAC生产的涂料在物理上与Hebel AAC产品兼容。

Select coating manufactures are referenced in Section 4.6. Patching mortars, made specifically for AAC, are available to repair damaged areas preceding the application of surface treatments. Reference the Hebel AAC Installation Guides or specifications and more information.

涂料制造商的选择参见第4.6节。专门为AAC制造的修补粉可用于在进行表面处理之前修复受损区域。参考Hebel AAC安装指南或规范和更多信息。

4.4 Exterior Surface Treatments

Lightweight Stucco

Coatings such as lightweight Portland cement stuccos must be manufactured specifically for AAC. These stuccos are designed with comparable strength and density properties of AAC to withstand high thermal tension and have permanently high elasticity. To enhance bonding and workability, AAC lightweight stuccos are polymer modified, vapor permeable as well as hydrophobic, preventing water infiltration.


Hebel AAC block applications are generally coated with a single coat of exterior lightweight stucco at a minimum thickness of 5/16 inch. After the surface has hardened, a texture coat at 1/8 inch follows.

Hebel AAC砌块应用通常涂上一层外部轻质灰泥,最小厚度为5/16英寸。表面硬化后,在1/8英寸处形成一层纹理。

Coatings should always be applied in accordance with manufacturer’s specification. After the stucco has set, two coats of vapor permeable masonry paint can be applied.


Hebel AAC Panels with mortared joints must be treated prior to the application of coatings. The panel joints should be coated with a thin layer of a cement-based compound.

带灰泥接缝的Hebel AAC面板在涂覆前必须进行处理。面板接缝处应涂上一层薄薄的水泥基化合物。

Figure 4.7: Exterior surface treatment over AAC

Figure 4.8: Details of exterior coating

Figure 4.9: AAC’s design versatility

Along the panel joints, an alkaline resistant fiberglass mesh should be embedded into the cement-based compound. The basecoat of cement-based compound is applied over the entire surface at a minimum thickness of 1/8 to 3/16 inch. Within one hour, when the basecoat is dry, skip trowel a light texture over the basecoat. Once the textured coat has set, apply two coats of vapor permeable masonry paint.



In exterior applications, paint can be applied directly to horizontal tongue and groove panels without mortar. In this application, the paint must seal any surface irregularities of the panels, requiring an acrylic coating with a higher fill capacity.


The polymeric coatings are typically applied in two coats to achieve a total thickness of at least 1 mm.


Paint can also be applied directly to walls with mortared joints constructed of Hebel AAC blocks and panels. This application requires precision to achieve an acceptable appearance. Extreme care must be taken in joint preparation.

油漆也可以直接涂在由Hebel AAC砌块和面板构成的灰浆接缝的墙壁上。此应用程序要求精度达到可接受的外观。在联合准备中必须非常小心。

The joints in a Hebel AAC mortared wall are much thinner than in conventional masonry construction and therefore are more likely to reveal minor imperfections.

Hebel AAC砂浆墙的接缝比传统的砌体结构薄得多,因此更容易出现小的缺陷。

Even with the acrylic coatings noted above, joints may be visible. For applications where appearance is not a dominant consideration, such as industrial buildings or garages, applying paint directly to a Hebel AAC wall can be an inexpensive and time-saving alternative. Any paint that is used must be vapor permeable to allow moisture inside the block to escape.

即使是上面提到的丙烯酸涂料,接缝也是可见的。对于外观不是主要考虑因素的应用,例如工业建筑或车库,直接在Hebel AAC墙壁上涂漆是一种廉价和省时的选择。所使用的任何涂料都必须具有透气性,以允许涂料块内部的水分逸出。


Ventilated façades as an exterior surface treatment is beneficial from a humidity and thermal point of view. Façade treatments such as wood shakes, brick, stone, metal siding, vinyl siding and cementitious panels can be utilized. A furring strip substructure is advantageous since it allows back ventilation. The furring strips are best attached to Hebel using fasteners compatible with AAC. Install all external materials per the specific manufacturer’s recommendations. Typical waterproofing details including weep holes,flashing, lapping, connections and membranes should be incorporated in order to achieve the desired weather tight construction.


Figure 4.10: Painting over exterior AAC walls 

Figure 4.11: Applying coating to exterior AAC panels

Figure 4.12: AAC with brick façade

Joint Treatment

Follow coating manufacturer recommendations for joint treatment of exterior and interior joints. In any case, the horizontal and vertical joints in Hebel AAC walls must be weather tight. Consult with your design professional for suitable options depending on the project requirements. All materials must be compatible with AAC.

根据涂料制造商的建议,对外部和内部接缝进行处理。在任何情况下,Hebel AAC墙的水平和垂直接缝必须是风雨密的。根据项目需求,咨询您的设计专业人员以获得合适的选择。所有材料必须与AAC兼容。

Ceramic Tiles

Ceramic tiles are not recommended for direct application to AAC. They do not provide suitable weather protection because of the varied thermal conductivity of ceramics as compared to AAC. This difference can cause considerable tension, leading to loose or cracked surface of the ceramic tiles.


4.5 Interior Surface Treatments


AAC Interior coatings are designed for use with Hebel AAC products. Skim coat plasters and lightweight interior plasters must have material properties that are compatible with AAC. To provide maximum adhesion and resiliency,bonding agents are often incorporated into these products.

AAC室内涂料是为配合Hebel AAC产品而设计的。脱脂涂层贴膏和轻质内饰贴膏必须具有与AAC兼容的材料特性。为了提供最大的粘附力和弹性,通常在这些产品中加入粘结剂。

Wall panels should be coated with a skim coat plaster to achieve a smooth, consistent surface. With block applications, lightweight interior plasters provide a thicker coating to level and straighten walls. This also provides a base for interior paints and finishes.Interior plaster is usually applied in a single coat to a thickness of 3/32 to 1/8 inch, following the manufacturer’s recommendations.


The surface is then finished to a smooth and even quality.


Depending on the size and complexity of a project, plaster can be applied by either a sprayer or trowel.


Gypsum Board

Gypsum board may be applied to Hebel AAC exterior and interior walls.

石膏板可用于Hebel AAC外墙和内墙。

Pressure treated furring strips can be used to fasten gypsum boards.


Wall Tile Tile can be applied directly to Hebel AAC walls using either a cement thin set mortar or an adhesive. Surface preparation is only necessary when the AAC wall surface requires leveling. If the AAC wall requires leveling, a Portland cement or gypsum-based parge coat can be applied prior to setting the ceramic tile. In moist applications, such as shower areas, use only Portland cement parge coatings. The ceramic tile can then be adhered to the prepared wall with a cement thin set mortar or an adhesive.

贴面砖可以直接贴在Hebel AAC墙壁上,可以使用水泥薄集砂浆,也可以使用粘合剂。只有当AAC壁面需要找平时,才需要进行表面处理。如果AAC墙需要找平,可以在设置瓷砖之前使用波特兰水泥或石膏基的帕奇涂层。在潮湿的环境中,例如淋浴区域,只使用波特兰水泥parge涂料。然后,可以用水泥薄集砂浆或粘合剂将瓷砖粘附到制备好的墙壁上。

Figure 4.13: Filling AAC wall panels for a smooth surface

Figure 4.14: Tile applied over AAC


Paneling systems can be installed using furring strips. Wood, plastic, masonite and composite paneling can all be installed using furring strips in the same manner as suggested for gypsum board. The furring strips are best attached to Hebel AAC using fasteners compatible with AAC. An alternative is to fasten the gypsum board directly to the wall using a commercial adhesive and screws only if moisture resistant gypsum board is used. Consistent with standard construction practice, moisture resistant gypsum board is recommended in high humidity regions such as bathrooms and saunas.

镶板系统可以安装使用furring条。木材、塑料、膨润土和复合护墙板都可以采用与石膏板相同的方法来安装。使用与AAC兼容的紧固件,最好将furring条连接到Hebel AAC上。另一种方法是,只有在使用防潮石膏板的情况下,才使用商用粘合剂和螺丝将石膏板直接固定在墙上。与标准施工实践相一致,在浴室、桑拿等高湿地区推荐使用防潮石膏板。


Hebel AAC walls can be directly painted, yet joint preparation is critical and requires skillful detail to achieve a smooth surface. The joints in Hebel AAC mortared wall systems are thinner than conventional masonry construction and can expose slight imperfections. In applications such as industrial building or garages, where appearance is not a high priority,applying paint directly to an Hebel wall can be an inexpensive and timesaving alternative.

Hebel AAC墙可以直接粉刷,但是接缝的准备是关键,需要熟练的细节来达到光滑的表面。Hebel AAC砂浆墙系统的接缝比传统的砌体结构更薄,可以暴露轻微的缺陷。在工业建筑或车库等外观不是很重要的应用中,直接在Hebel墙壁上涂漆是一种既便宜又省时的选择。

Paint used with AAC must be vapor permeable to allow moisture to escape.



Wallpaper which is vapor permeable can be directly applied to an Hebel AAC wall. Vinyl wallpaper is not recommended. To level or smooth the AAC surface prior to wallpaper installation, use a Portland cement or gypsum-based parge coating.

具有蒸汽渗透性的壁纸可以直接贴在Hebel AAC墙壁上。不推荐使用乙烯基壁纸。要在壁纸安装前平整或平整AAC表面,请使用波特兰水泥或石膏基的帕格涂料。


Ceilings may be finished with AAC coatings as referenced in this section. Suspended ceilings and grids can be installed and fastened directly into an Hebel floor/roof panel or into pressure treated furring strips fastened to the Hebel floor/roof system.


Floor Topping

Hebel floor panels are cut to specified dimensions during production. Toppings are usually not required since all Hebel panels are produced with zero camber. If necessary, a leveling topping can be used to create a smoother surface. Hebel floor panels allow toppings such as carpet, vinyl sheet, vinyl composition tile, ceramic tile, rubber tile, terrazzo, wood and linoleum.


Figure 4.15: Interior AAC walls

4.6 Coating Manufacturers

The following pages feature a few AAC coating manufacturers.


Elite Building Products markets a broad range of decorative specialty finishes, patching materials, and thinbed mortars for Hebel AAC. Like any good structural material, AAC must be protected against the elements so that its extraordinarily good characteristics are maintained. To accomplish this, Elite Building Products systems and materials were developed which are now a fundamental component of AAC construction.

精英建筑产品市场范围广泛的装饰专业饰面,修补材料,薄层砂浆为Hebel AAC。像任何优秀的结构材料一样,AAC必须受到保护,免受各种因素的影响,以保持其卓越的性能。为了实现这一点,精英建筑产品系统和材料被开发,现在是AAC建设的一个基本组成部分。

For more than 30 years Litewall SL has been the chosen exterior stucco finish for autoclaved aerated concrete.

30多年来,Litewall SL一直是蒸压加气混凝土的外部灰泥面漆。

Through years of true pioneering research, Litewall SL, Gypspray, Acryl M and other related materials were developed to provide a product family of the highest quality and compatibility with AAC.

经过多年的真正的开创性研究,Litewall SL、石膏喷雾、丙烯酸M等相关材料被开发出来,提供与AAC最高质量和兼容性的产品系列。

Long term durability and decorative appeal is not all that counts. Equally important is having a quality product which is easy to use and highly cost effective. Elite provides this, and as specialists in the materials that compliment AAC,we offer invaluable application and consulting knowledge catered to your project. Please feel free to contact us.


Since 1962, Sider-Oxydro’s commitment to innovation through technology continues to expand our product line for AAC including:


• Exterior cement and acrylic finishes外部水泥和丙烯酸饰面

• Interior gypsum plasters室内石膏抹面

• Thin and coarse bed mortars抹灰层

• Waterproofing防水

• Repair mortars修补粉

• Floor coatings地坪

Our products for AAC are blended under strict regulations and followed by a precise quality control. You can be assured of a perfect blend in every bag. Furthermore, our proven blending technology, use of advanced additives and fiber reinforcement are crucial to assure longevity and durability of our products.


Shown by an exemplary tract record, the quality and performance of our products equate our dedicated customer service.


About Sto Corp.

Sto Corp., based in Atlanta, Georgia, is an innovative world leader and producer of a broad range of versatile cladding and coating systems for building construction, maintenance and restoration. Sto Corp. is ISO 9001 certified and operates production plants strategically located to serve more than 200 distributor shipping locations across North America. At research and development laboratories in the U.S. and Europe, Sto continues to revolutionize the industry with the highest quality products and application technology.

位于美国佐治亚州亚特兰大市的Sto公司是全球创新的领导者和制造商,生产用于建筑建造、维护和修复的多种多样的覆盖层和涂层系统。申通公司通过ISO 9001认证,在北美地区拥有200多个配送中心。在美国和欧洲的研究和开发实验室,申斯公司继续以最高质量的产品和应用技术革新整个行业。

Sto AAC Base Coat SC

Sto AAC Base Coat SC is a one-component, polymer modified, cement base coat for use on AAC substrates.

Sto AAC基涂层SC是一种用于AAC基板的单组分聚合物改性水泥基涂层。

Sto AAC Base Coat TC

Sto AAC Base Coat SC is an acrylic-based material used as a base coat over AAC substrates. It is a two component product to be combined with Portland Cement.

Sto AAC基底涂层SC是一种丙烯酸基材料,用作AAC基底涂层。它是一种与硅酸盐水泥结合的双组份产品。

Sto AAC Finishes

Sto AAC Finish is a ready-mixed, flexible textured wall finish used as a decorative and protective wall finish over prepared vertical, above grade, exterior AAC substrates.

Sto AAC面漆是一种预混合的、柔性的、有纹理的墙面面漆,用于装饰和保护垂直、高于等级的外部AAC基材的墙面面漆。

Sto AAC Mesh

Sto AAC Mesh is a specially designed, coated glass fiber fabric used for reinforcement of AAC substrates with Sto AAC base coat.

Sto AAC Mesh是一种特殊设计的涂层玻璃纤维织物,用于加固带有Sto AAC基底涂层的AAC基底。

DISCLAIMER. This document is not intended to replace the knowledge, experience and judgment of design professionals. Xella Aircrete North America, Inc. is not responsible for ensuring weather-tightness, overall functionality or fitness for use of the panels, nor compliance with federal, state, or local laws, ordinances or regulations, including building, environmental and other codes.

免责声明。本文件无意取代专业设计人员的知识、经验和判断。Xella Aircrete北美公司不负责确保面板的耐候性、整体功能性或适用性,也不负责遵守联邦、州或地方法律、条例或法规,包括建筑、环境和其他法规。

WARNING. Property damage, personal injury or death may result from improper design, use, or installation.


Licensed design and construction professionals, who maintain good standing with the governing authority and have the necessary knowledge, experience and judgment of the specific building system and its components, should be retained to ensure a proper design, use, and installation.


MODIFICATIONS. Xella Aircrete North America, Inc. reserves the right to change its Technical Manual, Design Guide, safe working loads, panel dimensions or installation techniques at any time without prior notice. Last modified: 1/7/2010.

修改。Xella Aircrete北美公司保留随时更改其技术手册、设计指南、安全工作负载、面板尺寸或安装技术的权利,恕不另行通知。最后修改:1/7/2010。

WARRANTY/DAMAGES. This document and all further technical advice are based upon Xella Aircrete North America, Inc.’s present knowledge and experience. However, Xella Aircrete North America, Inc. assumes no liability for providing such information and advice. Xella Aircrete North America, Inc. disclaims all CONDITIONS AND WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR MERCHANTABILITY. XELLA AIRCRETE NORTH AMERICA, INC.SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR CONSEQUENTIAL, INDIRECT OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF PROFITS or USE) OF ANY KIND.

保修/损失。本文件和所有进一步的技术建议均基于Xella Aircrete北美公司的现有知识和经验。然而,Xella Aircrete北美公司不承担提供此类信息和建议的责任。Xella Aircrete北美公司放弃所有明示或默示的条件和保证,包括对特定目的的适用性或适销性的默示保证。XELLA AIRCRETE北美公司不对任何类型的后续、间接或附带损害(包括利润损失或使用)负责。

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作者: ganggouren



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